First, a vast literature consistently reveals that older Blacks are more likely than older Whites to rely on a range of religious coping resources, such as religiously oriented feelings of control (Schieman, Pudrovska, & Milkie, 2005).Second, rather than increasing the probability of engaging in advanced care planning, relying on religious control beliefs may actually lead older Blacks to rely on God rather than worry about taking more direct action by drawing up documents like advanced directives.The science is generally dealt by psychological health care professionals.
(2018) provide a literature review of studies on the end of life, Cohen-Mansfield et al.
(2018) empirically evaluate different trajectories of the end of life phase, Koss (2018) focuses on race differences in advance care planning, and Krause et al.
The first is that the threat of death and end of life issues may be construed as unwanted stressful events.
Second, as research on the stress process reveals, people do not always respond to life events in a passive manner.
(2018) study age differences in the relationship between religious hope and death anxiety.
Initially, the diversity in this research may seem overwhelming.There is a plethora of research on death-related issues.Entire volumes have been devoted to studies on bereavement (Stroebe, 2008), there are numerous reviews of the literature on death anxiety (e.g., Missler et al., 2011), and a number of journals specialize in the study of topics associated with death (i.e., ).The fact that this work has been published in such a wide range of journals speaks directly to the widespread interest and broad applicability of research on death-related issues.Although the widespread interest in death-related issues is impressive, it also creates significant challenges because the topics that are investigated and the methodologies that are used vary widely. (2018) assess brain wave responses to death-related stimuli, Cohen-Mansfield et al.Koss (2018) reports that Blacks are less likely than Whites to have advanced directives regarding end of life issues (e.g., resuscitation).Moreover, she indicates that these race differences persist even after several different facets of religious life are taken into account.First, Krause, Shaw, and Cairney (2004) report that traumatic life events that arise between the ages of 18 and 30 appear to have the strongest negative relationship with health in old age.This suggests that the period between age 18 and 30 may be a time when people are especially vulnerable to the effects of stress.So rather than promoting an outcome that many consider desirable (i.e., better advanced care planning), greater involvement in religion may have the opposite effect. (2018) is more directly situated in the stress paradigm, but it doesn’t go far enough.Their research suggests that a strong sense of religious hope is associated with diminished death anxiety.