Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [content], but how they said it [method of analysis].
This approach provides a framework of understanding at different levels (i.e.
A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the topic and review their contents for chapters that focus on more specific issues.
You can also review the subject indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research.
In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.
Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are several approaches to how they can be done, depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.The analytical features of a literature review might: As Kennedy (2007) notes*, it is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the original studies.Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field.Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.g., educational reform; immigration control], argumentative approaches to analyzing the literature can be a legitimate and important form of discourse.However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews.those of theory, substantive fields, research approaches and data collection and analysis techniques), enables researchers to draw on a wide variety of knowledge ranging from the conceptual level to practical documents for use in fieldwork in the areas of ontological and epistemological consideration, quantitative and qualitative integration, sampling, interviewing, data collection and data analysis, and helps highlight many ethical issues which we should be aware of and consider as we go through our study.Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review.A literature review may consist of simple a summary of key sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.