Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken.
For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials (or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials) in your citation.
Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children ("Too Soon" 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year ("Hand-Eye Development" 17).
Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number(s): If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon.
Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indented only half an inch. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source.
Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source.Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).Both citations in the examples above, (263) and (Wordsworth 263), tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth.Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number(s).(If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses.) In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using (and underline or italicize the title), as each version varies in its translation, followed by book (do not italicize or underline), chapter, and verse.The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence.For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name.Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g.