When Korea experiences a financial crisis, one would like to know total US exposures to various Korean borrowers, including Korean banks located outside of Korea.
But one would also like to know the extent of the exposures of financial institutions of other countries that may be affected by the crisis.
The hearings took place in the context of the Watergate scandals.
They led to the passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) of 1977.
We used our power and influence to raise international awareness and standards. The Anti-Bribery Convention of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) came into force only 20 years later.
The convention, in turn, was slowly implemented by some of the original signatories.
I am conscious of the fact that I am delivering these reflections five days after the tragedy in Orlando, Florida.
That horrific attack again focused national attention on terrorism—one of the predicate activities addressed by the global AML regime.
Today the surveys compile exposures from banking offices abroad as well as in the United States to a variety of clients, such as banks, governments, nonbank financial institutions, and corporate and other borrowers.
Previously available information on international lending by banks was based on their geographic residence and was assembled largely for purposes of compiling balance of payments statistics and enforcing capital controls.