It includes effective tools for helping to shape learning, and can even bolster students’ abilities to take ownership of their learning when they understand that the goal is to improve learning, not apply final marks (Trumbull and Lash, 2013). It can include students assessing themselves, peers, or even the instructor, through writing, quizzes, conversation, and more.
It includes effective tools for helping to shape learning, and can even bolster students’ abilities to take ownership of their learning when they understand that the goal is to improve learning, not apply final marks (Trumbull and Lash, 2013). It can include students assessing themselves, peers, or even the instructor, through writing, quizzes, conversation, and more.Tags: Case Education Paper Research StudyCreative Resume WritingCreative Writing Contests CanadaCode Of Ethics EssayDissertation AdvisorEssays On ReligionSuccessful Business PlansCustom Ezessays.Us Paper Paper Term Term TopicEssay Questions On Integumentary System
Summative assessment can be used to great effect in conjunction and alignment with formative assessment, and instructors can consider a variety of ways to combine these approaches.
Formative Assessment Ideally, formative assessment strategies improve teaching and learning simultaneously.
Data are tools teachers can use to improve—not weapons to be wielded against them.
With this notion in mind, I offer some thoughts about where to find some of the less obvious and often more useful data.
Teachers look at data for one reason: to teach better.
We don’t look at data to compare teachers or students (though this sometimes happens) or to point fingers.But sometimes, the same three or four students answer all of the questions (and are usually right).This can produce skewed data that does not represent the class’s mastery as a whole.The following eight sources of daily classroom data can be invaluable in informing instruction and guiding teachers in making modifications of that instruction. Warm-Ups (Bell Ringers) Unfortunately, class warm-ups can sometimes be downtime for students while the classroom teacher takes attendance and performs other housekeeping tasks.In these cases, the warm-up activity provides a vague start to class and an opportunity for students to shut down (particularly if the warm-up questions are too difficult), which sets the stage for unproductivity.Summative Assessment Because summative assessments are usually higher-stakes than formative assessments, it is especially important to insure that the assessment aligns with the goals and expected outcomes of the instruction. The downloads section (bottom) features a printable handout version of this web page. To lessen this effect, many teachers have students respond to global questions using individual student whiteboards, allowing teachers to quickly assess the progress of all students during instruction.Other teachers have students place Post-Its TM or magnets on large charts or graphs indicating their understanding or allow them to ask anonymous questions about the content.Herein lies the real clues to identify gaps and fix them before the gaps get too wide.The usefulness of student data is generally proportional to the frequency with which it’s collected.