Prejudice in the workplace leave ethnic minority groups susceptible to low pay and unemployment; the risk of unemployment for people from ethnic communities is three or four times greater than that of white people (Howard et al, 2001).The links between child poverty and disability are plainly apparent.Tags: Thesis Statement On The Space RaceReview Of Related Literature ExamplesMla Research ProposalCompare And Contrast Essay Of Two MoviesSolving A Linear Programming ProblemCritical Literature ReviewLeadership Thesis ProposalListen Dramatic EssayBusiness Dissertation Topics
Tess Ridge (2004) points out that there are several key factors that serve to make children particularly vulnerable to experiencing poverty.
Close to three million children live in lone-parent families and they are particularly at risk of experiencing poverty during their childhood (Rowlingson and Mc Kay, 2002).
In sum, the Labour government has actively attempted to fulfill its promise to address the issue of child poverty in the UK.
This is further supported by Miller and Ridge’s (2002) assessment that children and young people in general have become much more visible in the policy process under Labour’s leadership and this in itself is a significant development.
In 1995/96, 54% of all children in poverty were living in workless households (Gregg et al, 1999).
Unemployment within families not only brings economic disadvantage but can also have negative implications on a child’s aspirations and social development.This figure was reached and to date, there are over 500 centres in operation. Another strategy used by the government to reduce child poverty was the introduction in 2003 of working tax credit (WTC) and child tax credit (CTC).For teenagers aged 16-18, Education Maintenance Allowances were launched in 2004 in order to encourage children from low income families to stay on in education after the school leaving age. WTC is aimed at low-income working families but also designed to entice women such as lone parents into the workplace.This initiative was designed with the aim of giving children the best possible start in life.Gordon Brown (2000) proclaimed the initial goal was to have 250 local programmes in place by 2002.According to Gordon and Heslop (1999), families with a disabled child are among some of the ‘poorest of the poor’.Poverty also affects those children living in families where there are adults with disabilities and long-term sickness.This sentiment was echoed by the findings of the 2007 UNICEF Innocenti Report – a comprehensive assessment of the lives and well-being of children and adolescents in economically advanced nations – which ultimately concluded that of the 21 countries involved, the UK boasted the most alarming child poverty statistics.The End Child Poverty study conducted in 2008 revealed that approximately four million children were living in poverty in the UK.According to Ridge (2004) these policies fell into three broad areas: support for children, predominately through educational means support for parents, predominately aimed at making work pay, childcare and parenting schemes changes in financial support for children and families via the tax and benefit system.In order to keep up to speed with such policies, the government committed itself to producing annual poverty reviews entitled Opportunity for All.