Essays About Objectives

Essays About Objectives-88
Because essays address higher-level cognitive processes, you can individually direct students in their thought processes.However, when objectives ask students to describe, to list, or to recognize, the essay exam is probably not useful.

Because essays address higher-level cognitive processes, you can individually direct students in their thought processes.However, when objectives ask students to describe, to list, or to recognize, the essay exam is probably not useful.

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They do little to help teachers "teach for understanding" (Perkins 1993).

I agree with the position of the Writing across the Curriculum (WAC) Association of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, as expressed in the May 1991 issue of Writing and Learning, that "writing is central to all disciplines" because an "active language element is crucial for any significant learning." Why then, according to WAC, do "most college classes not only neglect the language-based elements of learning, but actively avoid them?

Because they are used to taking multiple-choice tests.

By the time they enter college, students have had up to twelve years training in this type of examination; it is what they expect in most classes.

Unlike the multiple-choice format, the essay is a subjective form of evaluation.

And teachers often introduce biases into their grading.An example: In an introductory course in human physiology, which has just covered blood, the circulatory system, and the immune system, seven of the ten essay questions are about the circulatory system.If you use essays, you must use course objectives to determine the content of the questions.They also furnish students with valuable writing practice and provide the opportunity for mutual feedback between teacher and student.Some disadvantages of essay exams include the amount of time they take to grade and their inherent subjectivity.(Be careful, however, not to "throw together" a list of essay questions.) Disadvantages of the Essay Essays are (very) time-consuming to grade.To garner the full benefits of including essays on your tests, you must allot sufficient time to read and comment on the students' responses.Teachers can increase their grading objectivity by covering students' names, deciding in advance the key points each essay should cover, and stopping the grading when they begin to feel tired.Full Text: COPYRIGHT 1997 Heldref Publications Why do questions requiring essay responses make students so apprehensive?" Perhaps the reason is that teachers, as well as students, do not appreciate the advantages of the essay.Also, according to Everett (1994), many teachers avoid writing assignments because of the perceived difficulty and subjectivity in grading them.

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