Essay Smuggling

Essay Smuggling-78
Many countries also still lack strict national legislation and/or appropriate penalties for illegal wildlife trade.

Many countries also still lack strict national legislation and/or appropriate penalties for illegal wildlife trade.

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Wildlife trade alone is a major threat to some species, but its impact is frequently made worse by habitat loss and other pressures.

The very existence of illegal trade undermines efforts made by countries to protect their natural resources.

Rhino horn, elephant ivory and tiger products continue to command high prices among consumers, especially in Asia.

In Vietnam, the recent myth that rhino horn can cure cancer has led to massive poaching in South Africa and pushed the price of rhino horn to rival gold.

Corruption, toothless laws, weak judicial systems and light sentences allow criminal networks to keep plundering wildlife with little regard to consequences.

These factors make illegal wildlife trade a low risk business with high returns.

WWF provides technical and scientific advice to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

WWF and TRAFFIC research illegal wildlife trade routes, the effects of wildlife trade on particular species and deficiencies in wildlife trade laws.

They expect access to a variety of seafoods, leather goods, timbers, medicinal ingredients and textiles.

At the other end, extreme poverty means some people see wildlife as valuable barter for trade.

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