Treating the Former Tobacco Users: Preventing Relapse to Tobacco Use Effective relapse prevention treatment to all patients who have recently quit tobacco use needs to be provided.
With the extraordinary high rate of relapse to smoking, patient’s decision to quit needs to be reinforced, benefits of quitting are reviewed, and the residual problems arising out of quitting need to be resolved.
Around five million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600,000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Up to half of current users will eventually die of a tobacco-related disease.
The situation is equally bad in India with estimated number of tobacco users being 274.9 million where 163.7 million users of only smokeless tobacco, 68.9 million only smokers and 42.3 million users of both smoking and smokeless tobacco as per Global Adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS).
They are also found at the junction of nerve and muscles and nerves and certain glands.
Acetylcholine receptors throughout the body are traditionally classified as nicotine receptors (those that respond to nicotine) and muscarine receptors (those that respond to muscarine).Of these deaths, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes are the most common causes of deaths in India.This huge burden of NCDs can be attributed to increasing use of tobacco.Tobacco is a major risk factor for a number of diseases affecting all age groups.WHO data shows that tobacco uses kill nearly six million people in a year.Available data from WHO demonstrate that thirty-eight million people die each year from NCDs, of which nearly 85% of NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.According to WHO statistics for 2010 in India, NCDs are estimated to account for 53% of all deaths.Development of tolerance to its own actions is similar to that produced by other addictive drugs.Carbon mono-oxide reduces the amount of oxygen blood can carry and causes shortness of breath.Tar is a sticky residue which contains benzopyrene, one of the deadliest cancer causing agents known.Other compounds are carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ammonia, volatile nitrosamines, hydrogen cyanide, volatile sulfur containing compounds, volatile hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones.