Essay Of Man

Man has sun and forest around him, which he takes advantage of for food shelter and nurturing but on the other hand he blames the nature for destruction and other cause.“From burning Sun where livid deaths descend” (Pope 142).It is an attempt to justify and vindicate the ways of God to man.

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Placed on this isthmus of a middle state, A being darkly wise and rudely great: With too much knowledge for the Sceptic side, With too much weakness for the Stoic's pride, He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest; In doubt to deem himself a God or Beast; In doubt his mind or body to prefer; Born but to die, and reas'ning but to err; Alike in ignorance, his reason such, Whether he thinks too little or too much; Chaos of thought and passion, all confused; Still by himself abused or disabused; Created half to rise, and half to fall; Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all; Sole judge of truth, in endless error hurl'd; The glory, jest, and riddle of the world! mount where science guides, Go, measure earth, weigh air, and state the tides; Instruct the planets in what orbs to run, Correct old time, and regulate the sun; Go, soar with Plato to th’ empyreal sphere, To the first good, first perfect, and first fair; Or tread the mazy round his followers trod, And quitting sense call imitating God; As Eastern priests in giddy circles run, And turn their heads to imitate the sun.

Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule—Then drop into thyself, and be a fool!

The first collected edition was published in April 1734.

The poem was originally published anonymously, Pope not admitting its authorship until its appearance in The Works, II (April 1735).

Parts of the fourth book of The Dunciad were composed using material for the second book of the original essay and the four moral epistles were originally conceived as parts of the fourth book (see below).

Pope's explanation of the aim of the work and his summary of the first epistle are as follows. John (pronounced sin-jin), Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751), outstanding Tory statesman who had to flee England in 1715. Bolingbroke was an early friend of Pope and Swift, and a member of the Scriblerus Club.Consequently, these Epistles in their progress (if I have health and leisure to make any progress) will be less dry, and more susceptible of poetical ornament. The unreasonableness of his complaints against Providence, while on the one hand he demands the perfections of the angels, and on the other the bodily qualifications of the brutes; though, to possess any of the sensitive faculties in a higher degree, would render him miserable. I am here only opening the fountains, and clearing the passage. The pride of aiming at more knowledge, and pretending to more perfection, the cause of man's error and misery. The absurdity of conceiting himself the final cause of the creation, or expecting that perfection in the moral world, which is not in the natural, ver. The gradation of sense, instinct, thought, reflection, reason: that reason alone countervails all other faculties. How much further this order and subordination of living creatures may extend, above and below us; were any part of which broken, not that part only, but the whole connected creation must be destroyed.Alexander Pope's Essay on Man - Man is Never Satisfied Alexander Pope's Essay on Man is a philosophical poem, written, characteristically in heroic couplet.If any misfortunes in our life’s we still think is the cause of God, as stated in the Essay of man, “Rejudge his justice, be the God of God (Pope, 122).Life seems chaotic and patternless to man when he is in the midst of it.The disputes are all upon these last, and, I will venture to say, they have less sharpened the wits than the hearts of men against each other, and have diminished the practice, more than advanced the theory, of morality. The consequence of all, the absolute submission due to Providence, both as to our present and future state, ver. The extent, limits and use of human reason and science, the author designed as the subject of his next book of Ethic Epistles." Back to Line"[Pope] The manner of the Lions hunting their prey in the deserts of Africa is this: At their first going out in the nighttime they set up a loud roar, and then listen to the noise made by the beasts in their flight, pursuing them by the ear, and not by the nostril.If I could flatter myself that this Essay has any merit, it is in steering betwixt the extremes of doctrines seemingly opposite, in passing over terms utterly unintelligible, and in forming a temperate yet not inconsistent, and a short yet not imperfect system of Ethics."This I might have done in prose; but I chose verse, and even rhyme, for two reasons. The extravagance, madness, and pride of such a desire, ver. It is probable the story of the jackal's hunting for the lion was occasioned by observation of this defect of scent in that terrible animal." Back to Line The double order in human, angel, man is explained by such traditional doctrine as: "In our minds, verily, we be so celestial and of so godly capacity that we may surmount above the nature of angels and be unite, knit, and made one with God" (Erasmus, Enchiridon, IV).That we can judge only with regard to our own system, being ignorant of the relations of systems and things, ver. “Know then thyself, presume not God to scan, The proper study of mankind is Man.


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