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It was particularly useful because prisoners could never be sure if they were being watched, which encouraged them, even in their private moments, to perform the values of the dominant class; or in Foucauldian terms, the unequal gaze triggered the internalization of disciplinary individualities and, ultimately, a docile body.The public was less likely to break the law if it always thought it was being watched.In Discipline, the most famous chapter of the book, Foucault traces how notions of discipline gave rise to current models of incarceration.
Long considered an effective, and even necessary, means of socialising children, physical punishment has been revealed to be a predictor of a wide range of negative developmental outcomes.
The extent of agreement in the research literature on this issue is unusual in the social sciences.
The forum gave the convict an opportunity to garner sympathy; the executioner could receive more blame than the criminal; the execution could provide a reason for the public to riot.
Foucault argues that this system of relying on public torture was ineffective in securing the property of the ruling class, that is, the bourgeoisie.
Either way, the state recovered its power through torture.
With public torture allowed, however, there were several unintended consequences for the state.
Super Summary, a modern alternative to Spark Notes and Cliffs Notes, offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics.
This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of in 1975.
Foucault wished to document the notable changes in the western penal system that led to the current system, particularly in France.
The work is hugely influential in a range of academic studies, and it greatly contributed to Foucault’s thoughts on power, discourse, and agency.