To ensure reasonable validity and reliability, action researchers should avoid relying on any single source of data.Most teacher researchers use a process called triangulation to enhance the validity and reliability of their findings.
To ensure reasonable validity and reliability, action researchers should avoid relying on any single source of data.Most teacher researchers use a process called triangulation to enhance the validity and reliability of their findings.Tags: How To Improve Your Critical Thinking SkillsAssignment Voip Case StudyEssay Starting WordsPurpose Section Of A Research PaperCover Letter Writing Services TorontoPlato Descartes And The Matrix EssayGuide Writing Research Papers Mla StyleHow To Write A Business Financial Plan
Basically, triangulation means using multiple independent sources of data to answer one's questions.
Triangulation is like studying an object located inside a box by viewing it through various windows cut into the sides of the box.
The key to managing triangulated data collection is, first, to be effective and efficient in collecting the material that is already swirling around the classroom, and, second, to identify other sources of data that might be effectively surfaced with tests, classroom discussions, or questionnaires.
Although data analysis often brings to mind the use of complex statistical calculations, this is rarely the case for the action researcher.
For the harried and overworked teacher, “data collection” can appear to be the most intimidating aspect of the entire seven-step action research process.
The question I am repeatedly asked, “Where will I find the time and expertise to develop valid and reliable instruments for data collection?When teachers have convincing evidence that their work has made a real difference in their students' lives, the countless hours and endless efforts of teaching seem worthwhile.Educational action research can be engaged in by a single teacher, by a group of colleagues who share an interest in a common problem, or by the entire faculty of a school.Whatever the scenario, action research always involves the same seven-step process.These seven steps, which become an endless cycle for the inquiring teacher, are the following: The action research process begins with serious reflection directed toward identifying a topic or topics worthy of a busy teacher's time.Action researchers can accomplish this by making sure that the data used to justify their actions are valid (meaning the information represents what the researchers say it does) and reliable (meaning the researchers are confident about the accuracy of their data).Lastly, before data are used to make teaching decisions, teachers must be confident that the lessons drawn from the data align with any unique characteristics of their classroom or school.Obviously, the most important is that action research is always relevant to the participants.Relevance is guaranteed because the focus of each research project is determined by the researchers, who are also the primary consumers of the findings.All teachers have had the experience of implementing a “research-proven” strategy only to have it fail with their students.The desire of teachers to use approaches that “fit” their particular students is not dissimilar to a doctor's concern that the specific medicine being prescribed be the correct one for the individual patient.