'Unwashed...' - the hygienic state, 'and 'Washed-out...' the physical state of the children due to the lack of food.
4 'Blown empty bellies', the physical appearance of the children's stomachs because of the limited food supply of only carbohydrates.
This metaphor shows how the mother keeps a fake, or 'ghost' smile on her lips for her child's sake - so her son doesn't have any fears or worries because he feels content...
The poems Sonnet 116 and Mother in a refugee camp are acknowledgements of love in which the poets portray different forms of love Shakespeare explores Eros where as Achebe explores Philia these poems show how variable love can be.
This adds to the distraught and agonizing picture of the son. The poet towards the end describes the parting of the son’s hair and then uses the punctuation of 3 full stops.
This gives the reader that the poem is going to shift to another scene and makes us imagine something else.
The agony which is stressed by the use of words such as diarrohoea and empty bellies can clearly be visualized.
The poet creates a sickly atmosphere in which the reader tends to emphasize with refugee’s on such an occasion.
The punctuation and references to death ( eg- grave) in the poem is definite and morbid. These long sentences could be compared to the long lasting love the mother had for her son.
There are many hyphenated words such as – washed –out ribs and dried-up bottoms.